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Prevention of infection: vaccinations

Teaching Time: 50min

Target Group: Key Stage 2

Curriculum Links:

Science: Working scientifically

English: Reading and Comprehension

PSHE: Core Theme 1 - Health and wellbeing; Core theme 3: Living in the wider world

History: How vaccination changed society

Learning Objectives:

All students will:

  • understand that vaccines help prevent a range of infections, including the flu.

Most students will:

  • understand that there are not vaccines for all infection.

Some students will:

  • understand that Edward Jenner discovered vaccines.
  • understand that vaccines are dead or weakened microbes.

Test your students knowledge

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Vaccines are used to help prevent infections from causing us harm. If we hadn't discovered vaccines, over half of your students would not have survived long enough for you to teach them!

Activities include:

  • “Historic heroes” study of Edward Jenner’s discovery of the smallpox vaccine.
  • Script that can be used to act out the discovery of small pox within class.
  • “Fill in the blanks” and “answer questions” worksheets that help reinforce the main points of the story.
  • Link to explore the UK childhood vaccination timeline.
  • A tool to compare the vaccination schedule in different European countries. This European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control tool allows users to compare vaccination schedules between countries, or to search for a specific disease and explore the vaccinations in many different countries.

The video below provides a demonstration of for the “vaccines play” activity.



DISCLAIMER: e-Bug was developed for use in schools pre-COVID-19 and so some activities may require modification based on your school’s distancing guidelines.

Please use your judgement and tell us how you have modified the activities, or if you would like to discuss some ideas, contact e-Bug@phe.gov.uk

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